Endemic sheep and cattle diseases and greenhouse gas emissions
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Livestock play an important role in the generation of stability and wealth of many communities around the developing and developed world. In 2014, there were ~1.5 billion cattle, and 1.2 billion sheep worldwide (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, FAOSTAT, 2016). Livestock are used not only as a protein source but also to provide a workforce, raw materials and a source of income (both directly and indirectly). A further important factor to consider in relation to livestock (particularly sheep and goats) in a European Union context is that they are ideally suited for land designated as a less-favoured area (LFA), that is, an ‘area with natural handicaps (lack of water, climate, short crop season and tendencies of depopulation), or that is mountainous or hilly, as defined by its altitude and slope’ (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, 2001). The grazing of LFA is extremely important for countries like Scotland where around 80% of its agricultural land is designated as such.
Other Titles/Title of Conference
LiveM 2016: Modeling grassland-livestock systems under climate change, Potsdam, Germany
Journal Title/Title of Proceedings
Advances in Animal Biosciences