Applying ethological and health indicators to practical animal welfare assessment
There is a growing effort worldwide to develop objective indicators for animal welfare assessment, which provide information on an animal’s quality of life, are scientifically trustworthy, and can readily be used in practice by professionals. Animals are sentient beings capable of positive and negative emotion, and so these indicators should be sensitive not only to their physical health, but also to their experience of the conditions in which they live. This paper provides an outline of ethological research aimed at developing practical welfare assessment protocols. The first section focuses on the development and validation of welfare indicators generally, in terms of their relevance to animal well-being, their interobserver reliability, and the confidence with which the prevalence of described features can be estimated. Challenges in this work include accounting for the ways in which welfare measures may fluctuate over time, and identifying measures suited to monitoring positive welfare states. The second section focuses more specifically on qualitative welfare indicators, which assess the ‘whole animal’ and describe the expressive qualities of its demeanour (e.g. anxious, content). Such indicators must be validated in the same way as other health and behaviour indicators, with the added challenge of finding appropriate methods of measurement. The potential contribution of qualitative indicators, however, is to disclose an emotional richness in animals that helps to interpret information provided by other indicators, thus enhancing the validity of welfare assessment protocols. In conclusion, the paper emphasises the importance of integrating such different perspectives, showing that new knowledge of animals and new ways of relating to animals are both
Journal Title/Title of Proceedings
OIE Scientific and Technical Review
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Trained-user opinion about Welfare Quality® measures and integrated scoring of dairy cattle welfare de Graaf S; Ampe B; Winckler C; Radeski M; Mounier L; Kirchner MK; Haskell MJ; van Eerdenburg FJCM; Boyer des Roches A; Andreasen SN; Bijttebier J; Lauwers L; Verbeke W; Tuyttens FAM (2017)The Welfare Quality® (WQ) protocol for on-farm dairy cattle welfare assessment describes 27 measures and a step-wise method to integrate values for these measures into 12 criteria scores, grouped further into four principle ...
Projected effect of alternative management strategies on profit and animal welfare in extensive sheep production systems in Great Britain Stott AW; Milne CE; Goddard PJ; Waterhouse A (2005)
Wemelsfelder F; Nevison I; Lawrence AB (2009)Qualitative behaviour assessment is an integrative methodology that characterizes behaviour as a dynamic, expressive body language (e.g. as anxious or content). Such assessments are sensitive to environmental context, which ...