Applying the ecosystem approach to marine ecosystems: a proposed typology of ecosystem services and assessment of data congruity and availability
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Iin 2008 the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) became operative to both address the condition of Europe’s regional seas and to require the achievement of good environmental status (GES) in these seas by 2020. Integrated assessments thereof must consider not only the impact of new management strategies on the ecological status of marine ecosystems, but also the impact of these strategies on the provision of marine ecosystem services and their value. However, data for such an assessment in the marine environment are sparse and a systematic approach comprising of methodologies targeted at and designed for marine ecosystems is needed to accomplish this. In this paper, we propose a marine-focused adaptation of the ecosystem services typology developed in the TEEB study (The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity - http://www.teebweb.org). To allow for a consistent step-wise approach we set out the ecological characteristics of the MSFD which are indicators of GES and identify the links between these characteristics and ecosystem services. We then draw out the implications of these linkages for survey design in environmental valuation. This adaptation of the TEEB typology constitutes one of the first attempts to develop a systematic ecosystem service assessment method for marine ecosystems.
Other Titles/Title of Conference
World Conference on Marine Biodiversity, Aberdeen, UK