Now showing items 62-79 of 79

  • A review of Brucella sp. infection of sea mammals with particular emphasis on isolates from Scotland 

    Foster G; MacMillan AP; Godfroid J; Howie F; Ross HM; Cloeckaert A; Reid RJ; Brew S; Patterson IAP (2002)
    Brucellae recovered from sea mammals were first reported in 1994. In the years since both culture and serological analysis have demonstrated that the infection occurs in a wide range of species of marine mammals inhabiting ...
  • A review of pain assessment in pigs 

    Ison SH; Clutton RE; Di Giminiani P; Rutherford KMD (2016)
    There is a moral obligation to minimize pain in pigs used for human benefit. In livestock production, pigs experience pain caused by management procedures, e.g., castration and tail docking, injuries from fighting or ...
  • A review of the development and use of video image analysis (VIA) for beef carcass evaluation as an alternative to the current EUROP system and other subjective systems 

    Craigie CR; Navajas EA; Purchas RW; Maltin CA; Bunger L; Hoskin SO; Ross DW; Morris ST; Roehe R (2012)
    The current EUROP beef carcass classification scheme is still largely dependent on visually assessed fatness and conformation and its purpose is to provide a common basis for the description of carcasses for use in trade, ...
  • A review of the rural-digital policy agenda from a community resilience perspective 

    Roberts E; Anderson BA; Skerratt S; Farrington J (2017)
    This paper utilises a community resilience framework to critically examine the digital-rural policy agenda. Rural areas are sometimes seen as passive and static, set in contrast to the mobility of urban, technological and ...
  • A review of visual soil evaluation techniques for soil structure 

    Emmett-Booth JP; Forristal PD; Fenton O; Ball BC; Holden NM (2016)
    Soil structure forms a key component of soil quality, and its assessment by semi-quantitative visual soil evaluation (VSE) techniques can help scientists, advisors and farmers make decisions regarding sampling and soil ...
  • Risks and opportunities of increasing yields in organic farming: a review 

    Roos E; Mie A; Wivstad M; Salomon E; Johansson B; Gunnarsson S; Wallenbeck A; Hoffmann R; Nilsson U; Sundberg C; Watson CA (Springer, 2018)
    Current organic agriculture performs well in several sustainability domains, like animal welfare, farm profitability and low pesticide use, but yields are commonly lower than in conventional farming. There is now a ...
  • Role of fatty acids in energy provision during oocyte maturation and early embryo development 

    Sturmey RG; Reis A; Leese HJ; McEvoy TG (2009)
    While much is known about the metabolism of exogenous nutrients such as glucose, lactate, pyruvate, amino acids by oocytes and pre-implantation mammalian embryos, the role of endogenous stores, particularly lipid, has ...
  • The role of rural communities in the transition to a low-carbon Scotland: a review 

    Markantoni M; Woolvin M (2015)
    The Scottish Government is committed to carbon reduction targets which are the most ambitious across the devolved administrations of the UK. Whilst Scotland operates within broader international and UK policy contexts, ...
  • Selection for 'environmental fit' from existing domesticated species 

    Lawrence AB; Wall E (2014)
    The selection of farm animals through breeding for human benefit has a very long history. In more recent times the practice of animal breeding has become highly sophisticated and the speed of change in ‘production traits’ ...
  • Social and economic aspects of aquatic animal health 

    Adam KE; Gunn GJ (2017)
    Aquaculture is an increasingly important source of animal protein for a growing global population. Disease is a major constraint to production, with resultant socio-economic impacts for individuals, communities and ...
  • Soil protistology rebooted: 30 fundamental questions to start with 

    Geisen S; Mitchell E; Bonkowski M; Wilkinson D; Adl S; Lara E; Brown M; Fiore-Donno AM; Heger T; Jassey V; Krashevska V; Ekelund F; Lahr D; Anderson OR; Bass D; Lassaad B; Berney C; Blandenier Q; Charman D; Chatzinotas A; Clarholm M; Dunthorn M; Feest A; Fernandez-Parra L; Fiossner W; Fournier B; Griffiths BS; Hajeck M; Helder J; Jousset A; Koller R; Kumar S; La Terza A; Lamentowicz M; Singer D; Marcisz K; Mazei Y; Mulot M; Payne R; Ronn R; Santos S; Seppey C; Smirnov A; Spiegel F; Winding A (2017)
    Protists are the most diverse eukaryotes. These microbes are keystone organisms of soil ecosystems and regulate essential processes of soil fertility such as nutrient cycling and plant growth. Despite this, protists have ...
  • Speed breeding orphan crops 

    Chiurugwi T; Kemp S; Powell W; Hickey LT (2018)
    There is a growing need for the agri-food sector to sustainably produce larger quantities of higher-quality food, feed and fuel using fewer resources, within the context of changing agroclimatic conditions. Meeting this ...
  • Status of dairy cow management and fertility in smallholder farms in Malawi 

    Banda LJ; Kamwanja LA; Chagunda MGG; Ashworth CJ; Roberts DJ (2012)
    A review of the smallholder dairy production in Malawi was conducted using livestock annual reports and other literature that was supplemented with primary data from a baseline survey conducted in December 2009. Smallholder ...
  • The status of tularemia in Europe in a one-health context: a review 

    Hestvik G; Warns-Petit E; Smith LA; Fox NJ; Uhlhorn H; Artois M; Hannant D; Hutchings MR; Mattsson R; Yon L; Gavier-Widen D (2015)
    The bacterium Francisella tularensis causes the vector-borne zoonotic disease tularemia, and may infect a wide range of hosts including invertebrates, mammals and birds. Transmission to humans occurs through contact with ...
  • Transmission dynamics of Rhodesian sleeping sickness at the interface of wildlife and livestock areas 

    Auty HK; Morrison LJ; Torr SJ; Lord J (2016)
    Many wilderness areas of East and Southern Africa are foci for Rhodesian sleeping sickness, a fatal zoonotic disease caused by trypanosomes transmitted by tsetse flies. Although transmission in these foci is traditionally ...
  • Use or delight? History of conflicting hill land uses in Scotland - a review 

    Morgan-Davies C; Wilson R; Waterhouse A (2015)
    The hill and mountain areas in Europe are multi-faceted and places of differing and often conflicting land activities. Scotland provides a good example of a well described history of land uses with conflicting provision ...
  • Using soil and plant properties and farm management practices to improve the micronutrient composition of food and feed 

    Watson CA; Oborn I; Edwards AC; Dahlin AS; Eriksson J; Lindstrom BEM; Linse L; Owens K; Topp CFE; Walker RL (2012)
    Improving the micronutrient composition of food and feed crops is an important aspect of food security and human health. A range of geochemical, environmental and management factors combine to influence micronutrient c ...
  • Welfare of sheep: providing for welfare in an extensive environment 

    Dwyer CM (2009)
    As a species traditionally managed extensively, at least for some of the year, sheep have received relatively little attention from a welfare perspective. Although extensively managed animals have greater behavioural ...